Masonic Musings

With appologies, the original source for the following information has 
been lost. It probably came from either the Philatethes or the Southern 
California Research Lodge. The file has been stored in my Computer for a 
couple of years. Enjoy! William N. Wine (Sysop) #72435,1512 [ Masonry 
Forum  Compuserve   07/11/93]


                              MASONIC MUSINGS
                          by John P. Scherger, PM

W o r d y  M a s o n s  The number of words in the questions and 
answers, opening and closing, floor work and lectures of all three 
Virginia Masonic Degrees is reported to be 31,951.

P a r l i a m e n t a r y  L a w  which usually governs persons 
assembled in any organization does not govern a Masonic Lodge.

J o s e p h  S m i t h,  founder of the Mormon Church, was made a Mason 
at Sight by the Grand Master of Illinois. Lodges he formed had their 
Charters arrested for irregularities.

T h e  C o n s t i t u t i o n s  of Masonry says in part: "If a Brother 
do you injury, or if you have any difference with him about any worldly 
or temporal business or interest, apply first to your own or his Lodge 
to have the matter in dispute adjusted by the Brethren. And if either 
party be not satisfied with the determination of the Lodge, an appeal 
may be carried to the Grand Lodge and you are never to enter into a law 
suit, till the matter cannot be decided as above. And if it be a matter 
that wholly concerns Masonry, law suits are to be entirely avoided, and 
the good advice of prudent Brethren is to be followed, as they are the 
best referees of such differences." and so forth. (Para 6, Section IV.)

I n  t h e  13th  and  14th  c e n t u r i e s,  when Freemasonry was in 
the process of being formed, England had two languages. One was Norman-
French, the other Anglo-Saxon. To make sure of understanding, word pairs 
- words of similar meaning from each language were often used. This 
usage explains the redundancy of expression in many places within the 
Masonic ritual with phrases such as "duly and truly," worthy and well-
qualified," "free will and accord," "parts and points."

P r i n c e  H a l l,  born in 1735, Bridgetown, Barbados, British West 
Indies is considered the founder of Black Freemasonry in America. He 
became a clergyman in Cambridge, Massachusetts and served in the 
American Revolutionary War on the side of the Colonies. Made a Mason, 
along with 14 other black men, in a regular military Lodge of Irish 
Register, Boston, Massachusetts in 1775.

D e a c o n s  o f  a  L o d g e:  To the Senior and Junior Deacons, 
with such assistance as may be necessary, is entrusted the examination 
of visitors. It is their province also to attend on the Master and 
Wardens and to act as their proxies in the active duties of the Lodge, 
such as the reception of candidates into the different degrees of 
Masonry, and in the immediate practice of our rites. Deacons in Masonic 
Lodges are first mentioned in the Schaw Statutes of 1598-99, indicating 
equality of rank with that of Warden. Irish references to Deacons are 
found in 1727 and 1723, but the Grand Lodge of Ireland did not adopt the 
office until 1811 . The first English Lodge reference to Deacons is 
found in 1734.

Q u e s t i o n :  Was Winston Churchill a Freemason or not?

Answer: Yes, he was. He was initiated in the United Studholme Lodge No. 
1591 on May 24, 1901, was passed in July and raised on March 25, 1902. 
As the modern style proposal forms did not come into use until World War 
I we are unfortunately unable to know who were his proposer and 
     Three months before his Initiation he had taken his first seat in 
Parliament as the Conservative member for Oldham, Lancs and a great and 
busy career was opening up before him. Nevertheless he continued as a 
member of tKe Craft in regular attendance until July 1912 when he was 
charged, as First Lord of the Admiralty, to 'put the fleet into a state 
of instant and constant readiness for war, in case we were attacked by 
Germany.' Other matters were henceforth to absorb his time and energies.
	                               Harry Carr

Q U E S T I O N:  Were there globes on the two pillars on the porch of 
Solomon's Temple? C.D.I 
ANSWER: The Old Testament description of the building of Solomon's 
Temple includes two pillars, named Jachin and Boaz, on the porch of the 
Temple (I Kings 7:21). on each chapiter or capital atop the pillars was 
a bowl (I Kings 7:41), probably used for the burning of incense or oil. 
A metal network covered each bowl and may have given the impression of a 
     There have been many explanations of both the pillars and the 
globes. The Masonic interpretation of the globes obviously has to be a 
modern one, made at a time when the concept of a round earth had been 
established. According to Charles Clyde Hunt, the first published 
account of the globes being on the pillars was made by William Preston 
in the 19th century. Preston called one globe terrestrial and the other 
celestial, maintaining that together they symbolized the universality of 
Freemasonry. Hunt has also summarized their Masonic meaning:
     "The globes symbolize the great truths that man is a citizen of two 
worlds, the material and the spiritual, the earthly and the heavenly, 
the temporal and the eternal, and they teach US to so regulate our lives 
that when we pass from the earth, the terrestrial, it may be to that 
other and better world, the celestial."

Q U E S T I O N:  Why do we use Holy St. John? Was he a Freemason? L.P.

ANSWER: The Holy Saints John have been a part of Freemasonry for 
centuries. The ancient guilds or trade unions of England each had its 
patron saint. The patron saint of the hatters, for example, was St. 
Clement; St. Crispin was the patron saint of the shoemakers. The patron 
saint of the stonemasons was St. John the Baptist.
     When Speculative Masonry evolved, St. John the Baptist under-
standably became the patron saint of the Freemasons. He was a man of 
humility and virtue, a man who steadfastly kept his obligations to God, 
principles that are upheld in the teachings of the Craft.
     The feast day of St. John the Baptist is June 24 and was celebrated 
annually by Masons in Scotland and England. In 1725, the feast day of 
St. John the Evangelist on December 27 became the annual feast day of 
the Grand Lodge of England. St. John the Evangelist, like St. John the 
Baptist, is a patroll saint of Freemasonly. He embodies not only the 
brotherhood of man, but is the "bringer of light,"that which is the 
deity within each man. Neither of the Holy Saints John was a Freemason.
     In colonial America, Masonic elections were frequently held twice a 
year on the Holy Saints John Days. 

C o r n e r s t o n e s  in our Nation's Capitol laid Masonically 
include: The Smithsonian Institution, by President Polk on May 1, 1847; 
The Southern Railway Company office building in 1929; Jackson Hall in 
1845; The National Education Association Buiiding; The Army War College 
Building, foot of 41/2 Street, S.W., with Brother and President T. 
Rooseveit participating, 1903, as he did at the House of Representatives 
Office Buiiding on April 14, 1906; House of the Temple, A. & A. Scottish 
Rite of Freemasonry, SJ, 1911; The Washington Monument, July 4th, 1848. 
When the monument was completed in 1884, further Masonic ceremonies were 
performed in 1885; The U. S. Capitol, 1793, by Brother George 
Washington, President of the United States of America and Master, 
Alexandria Lodge No. 39. A second Masonic cornerstone laying occurred 
when President Millard Fillmore officiated at the ceremony for the 
extension to the original edifice. A third ceremony was held in the 
1950's, with President Eisenhower officiating.

G r a n d  M a s t e r  Matthew Lyle Lacy, II, recommended to our Grand 
Lodge that the liaison established between the Grand Lodge office and 
the various Councils of the Boy Scouts of America be continued and 
strengthened to the point that no Eagle Scout in Virginia fails to 
receive recognition from this Grand Lodge for his achievement. Also of 
note is the effort by the Southern California Research Lodge, Brother 
K. H. Grace, assisted by Milwaukee Chapter No. 27, National Sojourners, 
Inc., to compile data on how many of the Craft attained the coveted rank 
of Eagle Scout.

T h e  f i r s t  M a s o n i c  c e m e t e r y  was established in 
Fredericksburg and is immediately adjacent to the former law office of 
the second Masonic President, James Monroe.

W i l l i a m  H o w a r d  T a f t  was the first Masonic President to 
be made a Mason at sight. He was raised by the Grand Master of Ohio on 
February 18,1909. He affiliated with Kilwinning Lodge No. 356, 
Cincinnati, Ohio, and subsequently was elected an Honorary Member, 
Crescent Lodge No. 25, Cedar Rapids, lowa.

D u r i n g  t h e  A t l a n t a  C a m p a i g n, in the War Between 
the States an Illinois ge neral saw a small white apron nailed to a 
cabin door. The woman of the house informed the general that the apron 
belonged to her husband who was serving in the Confederate Army, and he 
had told her she should let the Federals know she was a Mason's wife and 
that she would be protected....And she was.

I n  E n g l i s h  F r e e m a s o n r y,  The Grand Festival on Saint 
George's Day, April 23, celebrates the Articles of Union uniting the 
Antients and Moderns.

O n  M a y  6, 1833,  President Andrew Jackson assisted Fredericksburg 
Lodge No. 4 in laylng the cornerstone of the monument to Mary, mother of 
George Washlngton.

S t.  J o h n ' s  C h a p e l,  Edinburgh, Scotland is said to be the 
oldest Masonic Lodge Room (1736) in the world. The oldest known Lodge 
Room in the U.S. is situated in Prentiss House, Marble head, 
Massachusetts (1760). The oldest Masonic Lodge Building is the Lodge 
Hall of Royal White Hart Lodge No. 2, Halltax, Northings, North Carolina 

T u r c o p o l i e r :  Currently an officer in the Douncil of Kadosh, 
A. A. Scottish Rite. Name derives from 'Turcopolis', a kind of horse or 
troop of cavalry during the Crusades. The Turcopolier commanded a 
cavalry of medieval Knights Templar and was third in rank among the 
officers in the Knights Hospitallers.

M a s t e r :  The chief officer of a Lodge of Freemasons. Thus, the 
correct name of the head officer of a Lodge is MASTER, not WORSHIPFUL 
MASTER. WORSHIPFUL is merely a word of respectful address. Simply put, 
the title of the position is MASTER, and only when you address the 
Master do you say WORSHIPFUL MASTER. A Lodge is officered by a Master, 
Senior Warden, Junior Warden, etc. (See Section 1, concerning a Lodge 
and its government, Constitution of Masonry.)

Y e l l o w  J a c k e t  and B l u e  B r e e c h e s :  An early term 
arising from the fact that compasses were commonly made of brass legs 
with steel points. Brass legs were the yellow jacket and the steel 
points were the blue breeches. In some Irish Lodges, Masters were 
expected to dress in a yellow coat and blue breeches with white 

B o x  M a s t e r  : An old Scottish name for the officer, also known 
as Almoner.

B o u r n  : "to that undiscovered country from whose bourn no traveler 
returns." Taken directly from Hamlet, Act 111, Scene 1. The obsolete 
word bourn, means boundary.

S e n i o r  W a r d e n :  Second officer in the symbolic Lodge and in 
some of the appendant bodies, though, in the Knights Templar Commandery, 
he is the 4th. The office does not exist in the Royal Arch Chapter. 
Originally the two Wardens of the symbolic Lodge were stationed in the 

D e a c o n s :  Before the Deacons were created in the 18th century, 
the Senior and Junior Entered Apprentices occupied the places later 
occupied by the Senior and Junior Deacons. The Senior Entered Apprentice 
was stationed in the South and the Junior Entered Apprentice in the 

S  &  C  B r a n d i n g  I r o n s  : The first cattle brand registered 
in the Montana territory in 1864 was the Square and Compasses used by 
the Poindexter and Orr Ranch The Koch Industries, which still uses this 
brand, donated one of their branding irons to the Grand Lodge of 
Montana. (Courtesy, S. M. L. Pollard's new compilation entitled: "At 

M o o n  L o d g e s :  In the 18th and to some extent in the l9th 
century the almanac was a common household guide and Freemasons who, 
like others, measured their time and activities by it. Lodge by-laws 
often fixed stated meetings at or just before or after the full moon. 
The fixing of meetings around the night of a full moon served a 
practical purpose, especially in rural communities, by providing 
illumination to guide members to and from Lodge. Meetings were fixed on 
Saturday thereby relieving the members from arising early the next day. 

T a r d i n e s s :  Brethren who are always late think punctuality is a 
thief of time.

                         NON AGE AND DOTAGE

Various Jurisdictions around the worid have at different times decreed 
"lawful age" to be from eighteen in some Jurisdictions to twenty-five in 
others. The age of "dotage" apparently has never been established, for 
the good physiological reason that it varies in 
     In Operative days, the question of "lawful age" no doubt had a 
practical aspect, since it involved the abiiity to perform sometimes 
strenuous and often hazardous work. A young boy would be admitted to 
apprenticeship so that by the time his seven years' indenture was up, he 
would be about twenty-one or so. In the "period of Transition," when 
non-operatives came to be admitted into the erstwhile Operative Lodges, 
the practical questions of "age and non-age" would obviously not apply 
in the same manner as the working Masons.
     Then, finaily, came the strictly "Speculative" period, when (as in 
St. Andrew's Lodge, in Glasgow, Scotland) Operatives were in the habit 
of being "incorporate" equally with "theoreticai Masons who do not 
practise and work as journeymen." In this Lodge, which was set up in 
1741, five years after the Grand Lodge of Scotland had been constituted, 
it was enacted that persons under fifteen or aboveforty years of age 
were inadmissable for membership.
                   (From The Cabletow, Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. & A.M.


          Blessed are you who find excuses not to attend your Lodge, 
            for you are my mainstay.
          Blessed are you who profess to love Freemasonry but can't 
            stand your Brother, for you show your true self.
          Blessed are you who have no desire to support your Lodge 
            for you are easy prey for me!
          Blessed are you who feel the cable tow is for others 
            for you demonstrate your true feelings.
          Blessed are you who are easily offended and won't support your 
            Lodge, for you are truly my friends 
          Blessed are you who cause dissension, 
            for you are my helpers!
          Blessed are you who say "Masonry is my rellgion" but attend 
            neither your church nor your Lodge 
            for you don't understand either.
          Blessed are you who are preoccupied with the Worshipful 
            Master's and officer's mannerisms and mistakes, 
            for you will be distracted and get nothing out of the 
          Blessed are you who wait to be invited to your own Lodge, 
            for you make my work easier!
          Blessed are you who say you know nothing of what is going on 
            in your Lodge but neither read your monthly bulletin 
            nor attend communications 
            for you demonstrate how much you really care.
          Blessed are you who are always delinquent with your dues 
            for that puts extra burdens on the Worshipful Master 
            and that keeps him from doing other things.
          Blessed are you who show no enthusiasm for Freemasonry to 
            outsiders for you are causing the world to say, 
            "Freemasonry is failing," and that makes my work easier!

                                George W. Farley


    the immortality of the human spirit!
    the dignity of the individual
    the value of good deeds
    the worth of character
    the dream of a better tomorrow
    the beauty of the family
    the grandeur of faith
    the glory of brotherhood
    the love of Country
    the need for education
    the vision of better things
    the joys of sociai ties
    the rich reward of work
    the happiness found in service
    the ultimate triumph of good over evil in our
      world. . .and the list could go on and on.

                    Lansing B. Harmon, Jr.

                        LEST WE FORGET

In the debate by the Church of England Synod on Freemasonry, the critics 
did not have the honesty to mention that during the last three or four 
years the Church has accepted $100,000 (pounds) from the United Grand 
Lodge of England for repairs to their crumbling cathedrals For 
Westminster Abbey $25,000 (pounds) was contributed, and $5,OOO to each 
of the following: Southwark, Wells, Blackburn, St. Asaph, Lichfield, 
Hereford, Winchester, Newcastle, Salisbury, St. Albans, Truro, Llandaff, 
St. David's, Carlisle and Chichester.
	               The Daily Express
	               Leading British newspaper